One out of every three Indians over 18 years suffer from hypertension, says a new survey. Sedentary lifestyle, poor eating habits and stress are the key factors causing hypertension.
In India, hypertension is the most common cause of non-communicable diseases mainly heart diseases, stroke, kidney disease. 60% of people, who had high blood pressure, were not even were aware about it. The incidence of heart attack among the young has gone up significantly over the past decade.
"We found that 13% of subjects in 18 to 30 years of age and 25% of the subjects in 31 to 45 age group had hypertension," added Dr Ramakrishnan, additional professor, department of cardiology at AIIMS. Nearly 25,000 people from Delhi participated in the survey, said Dr Ashok Seth, chairman, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute. He added, "The prevalence of hypertension has increased from 2% to 25% among the urban residents and from 2% to 15% among the rural residents in the past six decades." It is estimated that 16% of ischemic heart disease, 21% of peripheral vascular disease, 24% of acute myocardial infarctions and 29% of strokes are attributable to hypertension., underlining the huge impact effective hypertension prevention and control can have on reducing the rising burden of cardiovascular disease.
Dr H K Chopra, president of the Cardiological Society of India, said most people suffering from high blood pressure can benefit from simple lifestyle changes like diet control and physical activity, and reduction in alcohol consumption, smoking and obesity.