Uterus is an important female reproductive organ where a fetus grow. Uterine cancer can develop in different parts of the uterus. The uterine wall has two layers, inner lining of the uterus is called endometrium and the outer layer of the muscular tissue is known as myometrium.
The most common type of cancer begins in the inner lining of the uterine wall (endometrium), and it is known as endometrial cancer. Some of the cancer cells grow in the muscular tissues of the uterus (myometrium), and are known as uterine sarcomas
The exact cause of the uterine cancer is unknown, increased levels of the estrogen may play a role in causing uterine cancer. Estrogen helps stimulate the buildup of the epithelial lining of the uterus. The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Woman above the age 50 has a greater risk of developing uterine cancer compared to woman lesser than 40 years of age. Obese women are at a higher risk of developing cancer than the normal weight women because the estrogen level in the fat women is greater which is linked to the cause of developing uterine cancer.
Excess body weight can increase the amount if hormone level in the body and when those extra hormones left unused, they increase the cell growth and are likely to develop uterine cancer.
Endometrial cancer cannot be preventable, but lifestyle changes may reduce the risk of developing this disease. Following a healthy and balanced diet is important in managing uterine cancer.
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