Last Updated on Mar 09, 2017


Vaccines are biological products that impart immunity to the recipient. Vaccines may be live attenuated, killed or toxoids.

Vaccines are administered to children to protect them from infections that could cause death or severe disability.

Vaccines are of three types:

Killed vaccines: Killed vaccines contain microorganisms that are killed by various processes. E.g. Salk vaccine for polio.

Vaccination for Children

Live attenuated vaccines: These vaccines contain live microorganisms that can multiply to a limited extent in the child, but they are unable to produce an infection. They usually provide long-lasting immunity. They could, however, result in disease in people with decreased immunity, for example, those suffering from cancer, AIDS or under treatment with corticosteroids; live attenuated vaccines should be avoided in people with decreased immunity. E.g. oral polio vaccine.

Toxoids: These are bacterial toxins that have been rendered inactive, but they retain their ability to produce an immune reaction. E.g. tetanus toxoid and diphtheria toxoid.

A vaccine is made often from bacteria and viruses, but is unable to produce an infection in a normal child. However, it retains its ability to produce an immune reaction. The child produces antibodies against the organism, thus conferring protection to the child against that particular organism. For example, if a live attenuated polio vaccine is administered to the child, the child produces an immune reaction against the polio virus in the vaccine. The same antibodies also protect the child if an actual polio virus infects the child.

Most vaccines are safe in children and do not cause any complications. Mild adverse effects like local pain, fever and mild rash may be observed. Serious complications are rarely observed with the use of vaccines. The benefits of the vaccines outweigh their risk even in the face of these rare serious complications and their continued use in children is recommended.

The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched in India in 1978. It aimed to cover 80% infants against six diseases, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, typhoid and childhood tuberculosis. The program was later expanded to cover 100% infants in 1985 and was referred to as the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP). Under this program, typhoid vaccination was discontinued and measles vaccine was added. Vaccines are administered free of cost under this program.

The Indian Academy of Pediatrics also has its list of recommendations to include some of the newer vaccines. These vaccines may be administered to the child if the parents agree and can afford the vaccine. This list includes some of the newer vaccines which have not been considered under the National Program as yet.


  1. KD Tripathi. Essentials of Medical Pharmacology 6th edition
  2. Vaccine India - (

Latest Publications and Research on Vaccination for Children


Raman79 Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Stay alert and stay protected! MyVac helps to stay updated on vaccination schedules and and vaccination reminders.

ArshadAli Saturday, January 23, 2016

There is a definite relation shown between M M R and autism. Most vaccines are scam and they do more harm than they protect.

InderP Monday, September 21, 2015

Vaccination is the biggest Medical Scam of the Century, people and even doctors are not aware of the ingredients of these vaccines and harmful neuro toxins like Mercury [thimerasol] in them causing large epidemic of neurological disorders, learning disabilities in children.

Anudhar Friday, May 16, 2014

Keeping track of vaccinations for your baby is indeed very important as it protects your child against a range of serious and potentially fatal diseases. With busy schedules and multiple tasks at hand, it becomes extremely difficult to monitor immunizations and their dates. I came across a simple vaccination app on Google Play store, VacciTrack, that helps to keep track of your child’s immunization schedule till the age of 10. It gives you reminder before the day of vaccination and a full chart along with missed and upcoming vaccines. Hope this helps!

rajeshneva Tuesday, April 29, 2014

My daughter is 10 years old and is a patient of celebral palsy ,can the vaccines like Tetanus and HPV Vaccine given to her.

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