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Head Injury / Brain Injury - Diagnosis

Written by Dr. Varshini Jayaraman,  Ph.D. | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 10, 2020
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Diagnosis Of Head Injury

Glasgow Coma Scale:

This test is routinely employed in head injury patients to assess the level of brain damage. The patient's ability to open the eyes, the verbal response of the patient and the level neurological functioning are tested. The test has a total of 15 points and the patients are rated for each of the above parameter. A score of 15 means that the patient is normal while 13 to 14 signifies a mild injury. Moderate injury rates to a score of 9 to 12 while a score of 0 is diagnostic of brain death.

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Imaging Techniques

Different forms of imaging modalities such as X-rays (demonstrates presence of fractures in the neck and skull), Computed Tomography/CT scan (reveals presence of bone/skull fractures, bleeding, hematoma, inflammation of the brain, and brain tumors) and Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI) can be used in assessing the extent of head injury and damage to the brain and other vital organs. The cost associated with MRI and the non-availability of this form of imaging in all emergency wards limit the use of MRI in assessing head injury. In addition to the above-mentioned imaging techniques, cerebral angiography, electroencephalography (EEG), transcranial Doppler ultrasound, and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) might be used to assist in the diagnosis.

  1. Traumatic Brain Injury - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/headandbraininjuries.html)
  2. Head Injuries - (http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/emergencies/head_injury.html)

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Comments

TripleT

Once I was about 9 in a half I was doing gymnastics class, and I was doing a back flip on a bar and i started hanging upside down then i feel and broke my neck, chipped my tooth, and broke a growth plate in my head. Now we are looking to have a surgery preformed because, the growth plate dips in my head and pokes my brain.

salah

i got hitt by my dad with a pole on the head that gave me a few months in rehab but i did forgiv my dad

jjjjj

I was hit in the frontal lob of head by a van. Feeling head pain,snapping then followed by facial temperature change,sharp pain in eyes,numbness in head, mood swings,confusion,fatigue,pain in teeth and mouth hinge,compound words and slow thinking,slow responce.neck injury damaged nerve c-7, three damaged disks c-5,c-6,c-7, head muscle pain all of these last from hours to days to weeks. what do you think about my problem?

Dr Samie Ullah

it is one of the fields of medical profession which still requires most manpower and resources.

kiki is somthing you aint

It is something that you should not joke about. Seriously.

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