Research by the Royal Women's Hospital has found that the most common cause of emergency caesarians is medically induced labor. Nearly one-third of the women with induced labor, have ended up undergoing emergency caesarians. The factors enhancing the risk of a C-section were found to be with the first-time mothers.
"The message we are taking is to look very carefully at the reasons for induction because it carries a high likelihood of requiring delivery by emergency caesarean," said Professor Jeremy Oates, clinical director, women's services at the hospital.
Statistics on the number of C-sections over the years has shown that nearly Twenty-eight per cent of Victorian babies have been delivered by caesarean, which is up by almost 12 per cent in the past 20 years.
The Royal Women's has placed on the table the inherent risks associated with medical intervention during the first labor. The Royal Women's, the biggest maternity hospital, in Victoria, delivered 6030 babies last year. The statistics for the number of caesareans was 10 per cent below the state average.
"There are times where induction is appropriate but we do not want to encourage it," said Professor Oates. "What would be really good to have are the reasons for various inductions and that is the next phase of the research."