Medindia
Advertisement

Study Tries to Find Why Young Adults Start Smoking

by Kathy Jones on September 17, 2013 at 8:47 PM
Font : A-A+

 Study Tries to Find Why Young Adults Start Smoking

It is estimated that 14% of young adults who have never smoked will become smokers between the ages of 18 and 24, and three factors predict this behavior.

"Smoking initiation also occurs among young adults, and in particular among those who are impulsive, have poor grades, or who use alcohol regularly," said Jennifer O'Loughlin, a Professor at the University of Montreal School of Public Health (ESPUM) and author of a Journal of Adolescent Health study published in August. O'Loughlin believes smoking prevention campaigns should also target young adults aged 18 to 24. A recent phenomenon With smoking rates declining markedly in the past three decades, the researchers cited several studies suggesting that the tobacco industry is increasing its efforts to appeal to young adults.

Advertisement

In the United States, there is a 50% increase in the number of young adults who start smoking after high school. This trend prompted O'Loughlin and her team at the ESPUM to identify predictors of young adults starting to smoke which may lead to avenues for prevention. They analyzed data from a cohort study called "NDIT" (Nicotine Dependence in Teens), which began in 1999 in the Greater Montreal Area, in which nearly 1,300 young people aged 12-13 took part. In this cohort, fully 75% tried smoking. Of these young people, 44% began smoking before high school; 43% began smoking during high school, and 14% began after high school.

Not all, however, continued smoking, but among the "late" smokers, the researchers found that smoking onset is associated with three risk factors: high levels of impulsivity, poor school performance, and higher alcohol consumption. Explaining the three risk factors Some late smokers showed greater impulsivity compared to the other participants in the study. According to O'Loughlin, it is possible that impulsivity is more freely expressed when one becomes an adult, since parents are no longer there to exert control. "We can postulate that parents of impulsive children exercise tighter control when they are living with them at home to protect their children from adopting behaviours that can lead to smoking, and this protection may diminish over time," she explains. In addition, school difficulties increase the risk of becoming a smoker because they are related to dropping out of school and, seeking employment in workplaces where smoking rates are higher.
Advertisement

Finally, since young people are more likely to frequent places where they can consume alcohol, they are more prone to be influenced by smokers, or at least be more easily tempted. "Since alcohol reduces inhibitions and self-control, it is an important risk factor for beginning to smoke," warns O'Loughlin. Toward targeted prevention campaigns Smoking prevention campaigns usually target teenagers because studies show that people usually begin to smoke at age of 12 or 13. The phenomenon is well known, and numerous prevention programs are geared toward teenagers. "Our study indicates that it is also important to address prevention among young adults, especially because advertizing campaigns of tobacco companies specifically target this group," says O'Loughlin. "This is particularly important because if we can prevent smoking onset among young adults, the likelihood that they will never become smokers is high," she says.



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
World Alzheimer's Day 2021 - 'Know Dementia, Know Alzheimer's
'Hybrid Immunity' may Help Elude COVID-19 Pandemic
Stroop Effect
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Smoking And Cancer Smoking And Tobacco Diet Lifestyle and Heart Disease Bubbles and Brews - Alcohol Facts Smoking Cigarette Smoking - A Silent Killer Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Leriche Syndrome Antioxidants to Help You When You Quit Smoking 

Recommended Reading
Cigarette Smoking - A Silent Killer
Smoking kills the smoker silently, pushing him towards serious illnesses, which slowly lead to ......
Health Hazards of Smoking
Smoking causes many diseases and affects the overall health of smokers....
Smoking among Women
Tobacco use in women is on the rise. The health risks of tobacco are far too many has never done a ....
Smoking And Cancer
Smoking is the most important preventable cause of cancer in the world....
Antioxidants to Help You When You Quit Smoking
Smoking is injurious to health, but it sure is a tough addiction to stop. Cure yourself with the pow...
Bubbles and Brews - Alcohol Facts
There is more to alcohol than mere intoxication. Infamous because of its social abuse but indispensa...
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD includes respiratory tract disorders that cause obstruction to airflow. These are chronic br...
Leriche Syndrome
A patient with Leriche syndrome suffers from claudication symptoms, impotence and decreased pulses i...
Smoking And Tobacco
Encyclopedia section of medindia briefs you about the History of Tobacco...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use