CPR can be learnt in one minute, say researchers in a new study funded by the American Heart Association.
A one-minute CPR instructional video was viewed by participants who, researchers felt, were more ready to try CPR and could do better than those who had the more conventional, longer training practice. 336 study participants were placed in different groups. People in each group either watched a 60-second CPR training video, a longer video or no video at all.
The groups were put into identical two-minute scenarios in which researchers asked the study participants to demonstrate what they would do if a person suddenly went into cardiac arrest in front of them. The people in the one-minute video group performed the best.
When sudden cardiac arrest takes place, it is not powerful drugs or sophisticated hospital treatment that helps in survival. It is the first few minutes that count when simple CPR could be administered to save the life.
"Only one-quarter of cardiac arrest is treated with CPR," said Dr. Benjamin Abella, clinical research director for the Center for Resuscitation Science at University of Pennsylvania and co-author of the study. "So you have people waiting for the paramedics, which can take five, six or seven minutes. And every minute is making a huge difference on the outcome. With every minute waiting, mortality skyrockets."
With nearly 300,000 people suffering an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States each year more people are needed who feel confident to do CPR.
The shorter video had also deleted information on mouth-to-mouth resuscitation which many were reluctant to do. Once that was gone, with hands-only procedure, CPR became very simple.
Dr. Michael Sayre, associate professor in the department of emergency medicine at the Ohio State University Medical Center, said that people need to get over their feeling of panic, their concern over their incompetency, and their fears of legal consequences in doing CPR. The video helps people to become more confident in using CPR.
So, the researchers feel that they need to make it available on smart phones, in doctors' offices or in PSA announcements and help to build an awareness of the CPR message.