Pregnant women have always been advised to avoid alcohol but now research seems to underline this advice as there is really no safe level of drinking during pregnancy.
Prenatal exposure to alcohol can result in the brain forming connections in abnormal ways that can cause behavioral changes.
Experiments on mice reveal that exposure to alcohol disrupts connections in the neocortex and alters the way certain genes are expressed.
"We found elevated levels of anxiety, disengaged behavior, and difficulty with fine motor coordination tasks. These are the kinds of things you see in children with FASD," lead study author Kelly Huffman, assistant professor of psychology at UC Riverside, said.