About Careers MedBlog Contact us

New Insights on Ovarian Cancer Offers Clues for Treatment Strategies

by Reshma Anand on March 4, 2016 at 4:01 PM
Font : A-A+

New Insights on Ovarian Cancer Offers Clues for Treatment Strategies

Does ovarian cancer really arise in the ovary? A new study offers insights into the silent killer 'ovarian cancer'.

With no cure in sight, no reliable early screening tests and a lack of effective treatments for the cancer, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine called for a series of steps to close what it said were "surprising gaps in the fundamental knowledge about and understanding of ovarian cancer."


"The committee concludes that a substantial proportion of carcinomas labeled 'ovarian' may actually originate outside the ovary or arise from cells that are not considered intrinsic to the ovary," said the 377-page, congressionally mandated report.

Many of these cancers "arise in other tissues besides the ovary, such as the fallopian tubes, which eventually metastasize to the ovary."

Ovarian cancers kill about 14,000 women each year in the United States, where some 21,000 women are diagnosed annually with what is the nation's fifth most common cancer.

Early symptoms may include bloating, pain while urinating or abdominal discomfort; but often, no early symptoms are detectable. About two in three women who are diagnosed with the cancer learn of it only once it is already advanced and has spread beyond its initial site.

Fewer than 30 percent of women who receive these late diagnoses will survive beyond five years. Overall, fewer than half (46 percent) of all women diagnosed with ovarian cancer live for five years.

Opportunities to improve

But there are research opportunities "that, if addressed, could have the greatest impact on reducing the number of women who are diagnosed with or die from ovarian cancers," said the report.

These include placing a priority on research into high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), the most common and lethal subtype of ovarian cancer.

A better understanding of the range of other subtypes is also needed, the report said.

Women with mutations in their BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are known to face a higher risk for ovarian cancer along with breast cancer.

"Despite this important discovery of a major ovarian cancer risk factor, genetic testing and counseling for families at risk has not been universally adopted," said the report, calling for more widespread genetic testing.

But since most women who get ovarian cancer have no family history of it, the report also called for a fresh effort to understand the risks of developing ovarian cancer, "including hormonal, behavioral, social and environmental factors."

Another challenge involves the relative rarity of ovarian cancer.

Although it is the seventh most common cancer in women worldwide, clinical trials may enroll fewer participants than breast cancer trials, for instance, so researchers must get the most out of their data.

There is a "need to develop new clinical trial designs that are information-rich in terms of molecular characterization and metadata so that clinically useful conclusions can be drawn quickly from smaller study enrollments," said Jerome Strauss, chair of the committee that carried out the study.

Treatment is also a major obstacle. Most women with ovarian cancer are initially treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. While many respond well at first, "virtually all recurrent ovarian cancers ultimately become resistant to current drug therapies," said the report.

Source: AFP

News A-Z
What's New on Medindia
Get Involved and Stand Up for Human Rights on Human Rights Day 2022
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Macronutrients Calculator for Weight Loss
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Ovarian Cancer Cancer and Homeopathy Cancer Facts Cancer Tattoos A Body Art Meigs Syndrome Ovarian Pain Premature Ovarian Failure Common Lifestyle Habits that Cause Diseases Health Benefits of Dandelion Plant 

Most Popular on Medindia

Find a Doctor How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips The Essence of Yoga Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Blood Pressure Calculator Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Find a Hospital Daily Calorie Requirements Drug Interaction Checker
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close

New Insights on Ovarian Cancer Offers Clues for Treatment Strategies Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests