Asthma and allergies are closely related and thereby people who suffer from asthma may have an allergy to substance which might exacerbate their asthma.
‘Length of hospital stays may not depend on the number of allergens in children but can be associated with eczema and asthma family history.
Children in the study were tested for allergies to dust, grass, mold, ragweed, dog, cat and cockroach. "There was no significant association between the number of things a child might be allergic to and the level of treatment received for their asthma in the hospital," says Mona Liu, MD, lead author of the study.
"However, we found a family history of asthma and the patient's own history of eczema were significantly associated with a more severe hospital experience."
The more severe hospital experience included admission to the intensive care unit, longer length of stay, increased oxygen and more hours of continuous use of albuterol, an asthma rescue medication.
Dr. Liu and her colleagues studied 39 children between ages 1 and 17 admitted to a hospital for asthma. Out of the patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), 62 percent had family history of asthma.
Only 14 percent of patients who were admitted to the hospital but not to the ICU had a similar family history.
In addition, if the child had eczema, that was associated with longer hospital stay and continuous albuterol."
The association with eczema is of interest since previous studies have suggested eczema may contribute to the inflammation of asthma," says allergist Peck Y. Ong, MD, ACAAI member and study co-author.
"We are working on a larger sample size to confirm our findings. These findings may help us identify children who are more likely to have a more severe hospitalization for asthma."