Anxiety in Young Boys Linked to Deficiency in Iron and Vitamin B12

by Sushma Rao on April 26, 2018 at 4:40 PM
Anxiety in Young Boys Linked to Deficiency in Iron and Vitamin B12

Low iron and Vitamin B12 levels in younger boys could be linked to behavior problems, like anxiety, depression and aggression, during their middle schooling, revealed a new study.

The findings showed that iron deficiency, anemia and low plasma vitamin B12 levels in boys at around age 8 were associated with 10 per cent higher mean scores on externalization behaviors such as aggression and breaking of rules.


Iron deficiency was related to an adjusted 12 per cent higher mean on internalizing problem scores like anxiety and depression.

"Some parts of the brain develop throughout childhood," said Eduardo Villamor, Professor at the University of Michigan in the US.

He explained that "structural changes in the basal ganglia, hippocampus, amygdala and prefrontal cortex of the brain may be involved in the development of behaviour problems as these brain regions respond to environmental conditions at different life stages".

For the study, appearing in the Journal of Nutrition, the team examined 3,200 children aged 5-12.

"Interventions to curb these deficiencies must be informed by knowledge of their causes in each specific setting," Villamor said.

Previous research on infants has shown a link between iron deficiency and lower positive affect, or a child's alertness, ability to self-sooth and self-regulation.

These problems may evolve through middle childhood and show up as behavioral concerns in adolescence and lower-self-rated mental health in adulthood.

The researchers found no associations among girls.

"We don't have a clear explanation of why there were sex differences, although we knew it was important to study boys and girls separately because they may differ in the timing of development," Villamor said.

"Studies in rats have found that some micronutrient deficiencies affect male and female brains differently but it is not clear exactly why this may also be the case in humans," he noted.

Source: IANS
Font : A-A+



Recommended Readings

Latest Child Health News

Vitamin D Supplements Fail to Prevent Child Bone Fractures
In individuals with vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D supplements raised their levels to the normal range. Despite this, they did not influence fracture risk.
Innate Harmonies: Newborns Sense Musical Beats
Gaining deeper understanding of early perception is crucial for unraveling infant cognition and understanding how musical abilities impact early development.
Vitamin B-12 in Breast Milk Promotes Baby's Brain Health
Prenatal and postnatal B-12 vitamins increase the micro-nutrients in breast milk to support the development of the baby's brain.
Group B Streptococcus Threat to Newborns
The presence of Streptococcus in the placenta was associated with a two- to three-fold increase in the probability of neonatal unit admission.
Can Maternal Discrimination Influence Baby's Brain Development?
Facing discrimination and acculturating during pregnancy could not only affect the mother but also potentially harm the baby's brain health.
View All
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close

Anxiety in Young Boys Linked to Deficiency in Iron and Vitamin B12 Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests