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Unhealthy Lifestyle Could Trigger Stroke

by Aruna on  February 21, 2009 at 10:28 AM Research News   - G J E 4
 Unhealthy Lifestyle Could Trigger Stroke
A new research warns that people who lead unhealthy lifestyles are at a significantly higher risk of suffering from stroke.
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The British Medical Journal study found that lifestyle behaviors like smoking, no physical activity and eating less of fruits and vegetables could double the risk of stroke.

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To reach the conclusion, British researchers examined the impact of four health behaviors (smoking, diet, physical activity, drinking) on stroke risk in a large group of men and women living in Norfolk.

The study involved 20,040 men and women aged 40-79 years old who were taking part in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer Study (EPIC). Between 1993 and 1997, participants completed a detailed health and lifestyle questionnaire and underwent a thorough health examination by trained nurses.

The volunteers scored one point for each of four healthy behaviors: current non-smoking, physically not inactive, moderate alcohol intake (1-14 units per week) and blood vitamin C levels of 50 µmol/l or more, indicating fruit and vegetable intake of at least five servings a day.

An individual could therefore have a total health behavior score ranging from zero to four, with a higher score indicating more protective behavior.

Participants were then followed for an average of 11 and a half years. Strokes were recorded using death certificates and hospital discharge data.

There were a total of 599 incident strokes during the follow-up period. After adjusting for other factors that may have affected the results, the risk of stroke was 2.3 times greater in those with a score of zero compared to those with a score of four.

A significantly higher percentage of women scored four compared to men.

The risk of stroke increased in linear fashion with every point decrease in health behavior score.

Source: ANI
ARU/L
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