Tamsulosin - Drug InformationGeneric Name : Tamsulosin | Pronunciation : tam-SOO-loe-sin
Why it is prescribed (Indications) :
This medication is an alpha blocker, prescribed for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate enlargement. It improves the flow of urine by relaxing the muscles of the prostate and the lower part of the bladder.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Hypersensitivity to this drug.
Pregnancy Category :
Category B :Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Dosage & When it is to be taken :
Adult: PO- Extended release 400 mcg once daily, up to 800 mcg once daily after 2-4 wk if needed.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet and capsule to take by mouth, it should be taken with food.
Warnings and Precautions :Prostate cancer should be ruled out before starting the therapy.
It may cause a complication called intra operative floppy iris syndrome in patients who undergoes cataract surgery.
It may cause low blood pressure and fainting in standing position especially with first dose, or if dosage is increased or an antihypertensive drug or a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor is added to the treatment regimen.
Caution needed when used in patients with sulfa allergy, pregnancy, breastfeeding, liver or kidney impairment, and children.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Take this medication in whole. Do not crush.
Side Effects :
Body as Whole- Headache, increase in infections, weakness, back pain, chest pain.
Central Nervous System- Dizziness, altered sleep.
Respiratory- Inflammation of nose, pharynx and sinuses.
Gastrointestinal- Diarrhea, nausea.
Genitourinary- Abnormal ejaculation, decrease in sexual activities, painful persistent penile erection (rare).
Eye- Blurred vision.
Hypersensitivity- Severe allergic reactions like rash, itching, swelling, trouble in breathing.