About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

'Ninein' Protein is Essential for Normal Tissue Development in the Gut

by Dr. Trupti Shirole on February 9, 2017 at 6:11 AM
Font : A-A+

 'Ninein' Protein is Essential for Normal Tissue Development in the Gut

Formation of columnar epithelial cells like those lining the gut involves reorganization of the microtubules, as well as the assembly of new Microtubule Organizing Centers (MTOCs) which anchor one end of the microtubules to cell surfaces.

Scientists have uncovered key processes in the healthy development of cells which line the human gut, furthering their understanding about the development of cancer. A University of East Anglia (UEA) study, published today in the journal Open Biology, shows that a protein called ninein is essential for normal tissue development in the gut.

Advertisement


The research aimed to unravel some of the poorly-understood mechanisms involved in rearranging the internal 'skeleton' - cytoskeleton - in cells that are undergoing a shape change during normal development.

Using 'mini-guts' created in the lab, they studied the tubular filaments which are part of the cytoskeleton called microtubules, and their dramatic rearrangements during the formation of certain types of cells found for example in the gut.
Advertisement

Dr Mette Mogensen from UEA's School of Biology said: "We found that this process can only happen correctly when the protein ninein is present. We also found that the microtubule-associated protein CLIP-170 is needed for the relocation of ninein to the new MTOCs."

"The correct organization of microtubules in columnar gut cells leads to the formation of a transcellular array. As well as influencing cell shape, microtubules form tracks for the transport of vesicles and molecules within cells, which enables nutrient uptake."

"Loss of this transcellular microtubule array leads to loss of tissue architecture, function and ultimately cancer, so formation of these new MTOCs is critical."

Researchers used 'mini-guts' during the study, generated from stem cells that are isolated from gut tissue and grown in a special medium. They formed structures in culture that mimic normal gut including columnar cells with transcellular microtubule arrays and new MTOCs.

The research was funded by the BBSRC, Anatomical Society and BigC Appeal.

'Ninein is essential for apico-basal microtubule formation and CLIP-170 facilitates its redeployment to non-centrosomal microtubule organizing centers' is published in the journal Open Biology.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
Test Your Knowledge on Liver Transplantation
Organ Donation Week 2022 - 'Take the Pledge to Save Lives'
Test your Knowledge on Heart Transplantation
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Magical Millets for Your Health Probiotics - Support System for the Gut Diet and Nutrition Tips for Athletes Nutrition IQ 

Most Popular on Medindia

Sanatogen Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Drug Side Effects Calculator Accident and Trauma Care How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips The Essence of Yoga Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) Vent Forte (Theophylline) Blood - Sugar Chart Daily Calorie Requirements
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use