Pelvic floor disorders such as urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (when one or more of the pelvic organs drop from their normal position) are linked to childbirth and affect millions of women in the United States.
This study examined the risk of pelvic floor disorders based on the method of childbirth delivery among 1,500 women a decade or two after giving birth. An operative vaginal delivery, such as using forceps or one that is vacuum-assisted, was associated with higher risk of anal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. The data for the study were from a single hospital so the results may not be generalized to all populations.
Authors: Joan L. Blomquist, M.D., Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Maryland, and coauthors To Learn More: The full study is available on the For The Media website. (doi:10.1001/jama.2018.18315)