Foetal alcohol syndrome, a congenital condition, is a complication of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy that affects the physical and mental development of the child. The alcohol crosses placental barrier and causes stunted fetal growth, creates distinctive facial stigmata, damages neurons and brain structures and causes other physical damage.
Cause(s) : Excessive alcohol consumption of the mother during pregnancy causes the disorder in the growing fetus.
Symptoms : Growth deficiencies:
Below average height and/or weight
Low birth weight
Physical symptoms: (A few of these symptoms are present)
Facial abnormalities like flattened cheek bones, underdeveloped groove between nose and upper lip)
Heart murmur (disappears by one year of age), Ventricular septal defect and/or atrial septal defect, tetralogy of Fallot, coarctation of the aorta
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