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Nose Bleed (Epistaxis) - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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First Aid-Nose Bleed
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 Overview

  • A nose bleed occurs when a small vein, along the lining of nose, bursts 
  • Most nosebleeds look scary, but are harmless 
  • Can be treated at home 
  • Common in children/elderly 
Causes
  • Dryness 
  • Nose picking 
  • Blowing nose with force 
  • Use of medications, like aspirin 
  • Introducing objects into nose         (mostly children) 
  • Injuries 
  • Allergies 
  • Infections 
  • High BP 
  • Atherosclerosis 
  • Blood-clotting disorders 
  • Use of cocaine 
Symptoms
  • Bleeding from nose 
  • Sometimes bleeding from ears/mouth too 
Types


a. Anterior Nosebleed 
  • Affects lower part of wall that separates nostrils 
  • The wall or septum contains blood vessels 
  • These can be broken by blow to nose/fingernail 
  • The bleeding starts from front of nose 
  • It flows outward when patient is sitting/standing 
  • Occurs during dry season/harsh winter 
b. Posterior Nosebleed 
  • The bleeding starts deep within the nose 
  • It flows down the back of the mouth & throat 
  • This happens even when the person is sitting/standing 
  • Occurs in old people/those with high BP/injuries 
  • This type of bleeding is severe/ requires medical help 
Treatment
  • If your nose bleeds,
  • Sit down and lean forward 
  • Using your thumb & index finger, squeeze soft part of nose 
  • This part is between end of nose and the bridge of nose 
  • Continue holding till bleeding stops- 
  • Do not stop in-between 
  • If bleeding continues, hold for another 10 minutes 
  • If the patient is a child, divert attention by TV/Stories 
  • Avoid picking, blowing or rubbing nose for 2 days 
  • Place an ice pack on the bridge of nose 
Consult a Doctor If,
  • The bleeding continues for more than 15 minutes
  • The bleeding is caused by an injury 
  • You get nosebleeds often
Prevention 
  • Keep fingernails short
  • Quit smoking
  • Open your mouth while sneezing
  • Use a humidifier at night in case of dry weather 
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Wanda1
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Wanda1  Saturday, September 24, 2016
MakomvaNaome
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MakomvaNaome  Thursday, October 9, 2014
EDWARDSJOHN
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EDWARDSJOHN  Thursday, May 15, 2014
fadhil
So hw can i help the person wo surfering 4rm nose bleed n the cause is blood-clooting disorders?
fadhil  Monday, December 23, 2013
mehdi_7744
we should know how to stop nose bleeding, especially if it happens when you are away from any medical help. the steps mentioned here could help you stop the bleeding. I was bleeding for more than one hour. it was continuous. i tried everything.I kept a piece of cotton wool inside the nose. but I did not try a piece of ice. it could be helpful. I checked with an ENT specialist but he could not specify the cause. He prescribed some nasal gel for colds. but it did not work. !!!!
mehdi_7744  Saturday, March 30, 2013
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