Home-Based Dialysis is an Option If Kidney Transplant Fails

by Kathy Jones on  January 15, 2011 at 8:34 PM Organ Donation News   - G J E 4
It is obvious that patients returning to dialysis after kidney transplant failure present unique challenges compared with other dialysis patients. This is because they have been exposed to very powerful immunosuppressive medications and have been on dialysis for a longer period of time than other dialysis patients.
 Home-Based Dialysis is an Option If Kidney Transplant Fails
Home-Based Dialysis is an Option If Kidney Transplant Fails

This puts them at particularly high risk for various complications and death. According to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology (CJASN), despite complications, these patients can choose to undergo dialysis in the comfort of their own homes.

Patients who have had a kidney transplant are used to managing their own therapy, enjoying the ability to travel, and living a relatively flexible lifestyle and may therefore be well-suited to peritoneal dialysis (home-based) rather than hemodialysis (clinic-based), when they return to dialysis after transplant failure. Despite the many potential benefits of peritoneal dialysis over hemodialysis-including ease of performing the therapy at home, avoidance of hospital visits several times a week, and more flexibility to travel-only a very small proportion of patients returning to dialysis after transplant failure end up choosing to undergo peritoneal dialysis in both Canada and the United States.

Jeffrey Perl, MD (St. Michael''s Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada) and his colleagues evaluated the impact that dialysis type (peritoneal vs. hemodialysis) has on the survival of patients returning to dialysis after transplant failure. The investigators studied 2,110 adult Canadian patients who initiated dialysis after their kidney transplant failed between January 1991 and December 2005. The researchers evaluated the impact of initial dialysis type on early (2-year), late (after 2 years), and overall deaths.

Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients died at similar rates in all analyses (early, late, and overall). "It is important to empower patients who have kidney transplant failure to realize that despite the severe disappointment of returning to dialysis, they still have many options for dialysis therapy, which include opportunities for home-based therapies," said Dr. Perl. "I hope this research helps guide patients and the health care professionals treating them to make informed decisions regarding dialysis modality decisions, namely that peritoneal dialysis is as effective a therapy as hemodialysis in patients returning to dialysis after kidney transplant failure."

Study co-authors include Omar Hasan, MBBS (Brigham and Women''s Hospital); Joanne Bargman, MD, S. Vanita Jassal, MD (University of Toronto, Canada); Depeng Jiang, PhD (Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute and St. Michael''s Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada); Yingbo Na (Canadian Institute of Health Information and Canadian Organ Replacement Register, in Toronto, Canada); and John Gill, MD (St. Paul''s Hospital, University of British Columbia, in Vancouver, Canada).

Disclosures: Jeffrey Perl received funding from a Kidney Foundation of Canada Biomedical Fellowship. The other authors reported no financial disclosures.

The article, entitled "Impact of Dialysis Modality on Survival after Kidney Transplant Failure," will appear online at on January 13, 2011, doi 10.2215/CJN.06640810.

The content of this article does not reflect the views or opinions of The American Society of Nephrology (ASN). Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the author(s). ASN does not offer medical advice. All content in ASN publications is for informational purposes only, and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions, or adverse effects. This content should not be used during a medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Please consult your doctor or other qualified health care provider if you have any questions about a medical condition, or before taking any drug, changing your diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment. Do not ignore or delay obtaining professional medical advice because of information accessed through ASN. Call 911 or your doctor for all medical emergencies.

Founded in 1966 and comprised of more than 12,000 members, the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) leads the fight against kidney disease by educating health professionals, sharing new knowledge, advancing research, and advocating the highest quality care for patients.

Source: Newswise

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions

You May Also Like

View All