The collection of physical and emotional symptoms a woman presents during a part of her menstrual cycle are called premenstrual syndrome. Specific symptoms may vary in each individual but a particular woman’s pattern of symptoms is predictable.
Hormonal changes during menstrual cycle
Chemical changes in brain during stress and emotional problems
Changes in the levels of vitamins, minerals and high sodium content cause water retention and bloating
Family history of depression
Symptoms : Symptoms can vary widely, with about 200 different symptoms reported. Some of the most common symptoms include:
Stress, anxiety, mood swings
Changes in libido
Weight gain and water retention
Lower back pain
Swelling or tenderness in breasts
Constipation or diarrhea
Joint or muscle pain
Diagnosis and Tests : Mild PMS is common and subsides in time. Very severe PMS symptoms are diagnosed as Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
If the same symptoms are recorded for at least two menstrual cycles, it is described as PMS.
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