Gingivitis is a common gum disease, characterized by the inflammation of the gingiva or periodontitis, or the lower part of the gum, adjoining the teeth. It is usually caused by poor, or inadequate, oral hygiene
and often begins with plaque formation.
Prominent symptoms include sensitive, swollen gums that bleed
while brushing. During the initial stages of gingivitis the person experiences no pain and therefore the disease could go unnoticed for a long periods of time.
It is important to address gingivitis at the beginning when it is the easiest to treat. During this stage the bone and the connective tissues that support the teeth are not affected and the disease can be reversed. If untreated, the disease could take a very serious turn and lead to a condition called periodontitis,
which can permanently damage the teeth and jaw.
Gingivitis can be easily prevented
by developing, and maintaining, good habits pertaining to oral health.