Nomenclatures: Tubectomy, Tubal Sterilization, Female Sterilization.
Tubal Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception where the fallopian tubes are blocked so that the ova or eggs are prevented from traveling to the uterus from the ovary.
Tubectomy also referred to, as Tubal Sterilization is a surgical procedure done on women as a permanent method of contraception. Gynaecologists, general surgeons and laparoscopic surgeons perform tubectomy.
The Fallopian Tubes are two in number and are attached on either side of the uterus at one end and the other end is open in the abdomen. The length of each Fallopian tube is about 10cm.When the ovum or egg is released from the ovary, it is picked up by Fallopian tube through which it moves into the uterus. If sperms are present in the Fallopian tubes, the ovum is fertilized and the resulting embryo is transmitted to the uterus where it is embedded. In short, we can say that Fallopian tubes are channels through which the eggs from the ovaries travel to the uterus. In Tubectomy the tubes are blocked or divided to prevent the eggs from entering the uterus. This prevents any future pregnancies to occur after the surgical procedure.
Anatomy Of The Female Reproductive System