Kidney Stone Diet Plan
A kidney stone is a hard mass that forms from crystals in the urine.
The most common kidney stones are calcium oxalate stones and uric acid stones. To avoid kidney stones, eat a normal calcium diet of 1000mg per day. Calcium and oxalate-rich foods must be taken together during a meal. Hence, they are more likely to bind to one another in the gastrointestinal tract before the kidneys begin processing. Therefore, there are fewer chances that kidney stones will form. Let's look at the diet for preventing calcium oxalate stones.
Do - Take Plenty of Fluids
Intake of fluids to be increased to 2-4 liters per day. This is about eight glasses for cold countries and 12-14 glasses for warmer countries. If you sweat a lot, you might need more fluids. Fluids can include, besides water - tender coconut water, buttermilk, fruit juices, barley water, and non-alcoholic caffeine-free fluids except for grapefruit juice and soda.
Watch for the color of urine to be pale yellow - this would mean that your fluid intake is adequate.
Do - Include Calcium-rich Foods:
Milk, and milk products, cheese, paneer, khoa. However, intake of milk and milk products to be restricted to 250ml (1 cup) per day, including coffee and tea.
Include ragi, rajma, bengal gram whole, field beans(broad)- (vidaiavarai), and cluster beans.
Do - Eat Moderate Amounts of Protein
Animal protein intake, such as poultry, egg whites, and fish, should be reduced. Recommended dietary allowance for non-vegetarian foods include 50gm (2 oz) of fish or chicken or 2 eggwhites/day.
Do - Take Fruits and Vegetables Rich in Potassium:
Take plenty of fruits and vegetables, which is 5 to 13 servings for their potassium as it might be helpful as a preventive measure for those who have low citrate in the urine and hence form stones. One serving is 1 small apple, 1 large orange, 1 banana, 1/2 cup raw vegetables, and 1 small bell pepper.
Do - Take Vitamin C:
Vitamin C foods like orange, sweet lime, and lemon are acceptable, but supplements are not recommended since they can increase oxalate in your body. Lime juice has stone preventing benefits due to its citrate content, which prevents stones from forming or becoming bigger.
Adding three tablespoons of fresh lemon juice per one liter of water will help prevent kidney stone formation.
Don't - Take Vegetables and Greens Rich in Oxalate:
Green leafy vegetables are rich in oxalate. Therefore avoid amaranth(tender), lettuce, ponnanganni, spinach, pulichai keerai(red) or gongura; restrict curry leaves, and mint leaves. Avoid beetroot, green plantain, plantain flower, plantain stem, and drumstick. Avoid legumes like horse gram, and soya bean brown
Don't - Take Nuts and Miscellaneous Foods Rich in Oxalate:
Avoid dried fruits like apricot(dried) and nuts like cashew nuts, walnuts, almonds, groundnuts, gingelly seeds and other nuts.
Avoid soft drinks like cola, chocolate and have tea in moderation.
Other foodstuffs to be taken in limited amounts include garlic, ginger, and mango ginger.
Don't - Take too much Sodium:
A low salt diet of 5-6g (1 teaspoon) per day is advised. Too much sodium can result in more calcium in your urine. The more processed a food is, the greater is its sodium content.
Don't - Take too much Sugar
Sugar can increase the risk of kidney stone formation. Therefore, have beverages without sugar or use a sugar substitute, if needed.
Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer