Carbohydrates are essential macronutrients that provide energy for vital body functions. They are divided in two categories: simple and complex carbohydrates. Sugars are simple carbohydrates that are readily digested by our body while complex carbohydrates like starch and fiber take time to break down into glucose. One gram of metabolized carbohydrate provides 4 calories to the body.
High amount of sugars and processed carbohydrates like white bread, pasta and sweetened beverages are unhealthy and cause weight gain. Complex carbohydrates supply necessary energy to body and help maintain healthy body weight