Causes of Cholera
Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
The causative organism of cholera is a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is transmitted by drinking water or eating food contaminated with the cholera bacterium.
Raw or under cooked seafood may be a source of infection in areas where cholera is prevalent Floodwaters can carry V. cholerae and contaminate drinking water supplies.
The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to another; therefore, casual contact with an infected person is not a risk for becoming ill with cholera.
After the organisms are taken into the body, they pass the acid barrier of the stomach and begin to multiply in the alkaline environment of the small intestine. The bacteria attach themselves to the microvilli of the epithelial cells of the intestinal tract where they multiply and produce a potent ‘enterotoxin’ known as ‘cholera toxin’. Cholera toxin is responsible for increased secretion of water and electrolytes in stools from the intestines leading to dehydration, shock,
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:
Dr. Trupti Shirole. (2016, October 07). Causes of Cholera. Medindia. Retrieved on May 25, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/waterborne/what-are-the-causes-of-cholera.htm.
Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Causes of Cholera". Medindia. May 25, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/waterborne/what-are-the-causes-of-cholera.htm>.
Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Causes of Cholera". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/waterborne/what-are-the-causes-of-cholera.htm. (accessed May 25, 2022).
Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2021. Causes of Cholera. Medindia, viewed May 25, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/waterborne/what-are-the-causes-of-cholera.htm.