How is malaria transmitted?
Malaria is a communicable disease caused by the parasite plasmodium. Four species of the plasmodium parasite cause malaria. They are:
- Plasmodium vivax
- Plasmodium malariae
- Plasmodium ovale
- Plasmodium falciparum
It is spread to humans by the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito. Traveling to mosquito- prone areas increases the risk of contracting the disease.
Female mosquitoes are concerned with the transmission of plasmodium whereas male mosquitoes feed only on