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Role of Insulin

Last Updated on Oct 13, 2017
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Role of Insulin

Insulin is a key regulator of the body's metabolism. It is produced by the ‘islets of Langerhans’ of the pancreas. The beta cells produce insulin. Other hormone produced by pancreas is Glucagon, which has the exact opposite effect as insulin. Insulin is a polypeptide chain.

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Insulin rises to its peak level within 10-minutes of food consumption. Insulin then enables glucose and amino acids to enter cells in the body, particularly muscle and liver cells. Here, insulin and other hormones direct whether these nutrients will be burned for energy or stored for future use.

(The brain and nervous system are not dependent on insulin; they regulate their glucose needs through other mechanisms.)

Insulin also checks the production of glucose by the liver. When insulin levels are high, the liver stops producing glucose and stores it in other forms until the body needs it again. As blood glucose levels reach their peak, the pancreas reduces the production of insulin. About two to four hours after a meal both blood glucose and insulin are at low levels, with insulin being slightly higher. The blood glucose levels are then referred to as fasting blood glucose concentrations.

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Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

andrewwalker

Most carbs come from starches, fruits, milk, and sweets. Try to limit carbs with added sugars or those with refined grains, such as white bread and white rice. Choose healthy carbohydrates, such as fruit, vegetables, whole grains, beans, and low-fat milk, as part of your diabetes meal plan.

LukasG

I disagree with this post. Eating up 6 times a day with the macros that you have mentioned will definitely make the disease worst. You can't treat dietary disease with more food rich in carbohydrates.

shahkhan_4

WHAT ABOUT THE SEA FOOD SUCH AS FISH, PRAWN and LOBSTER CAN WE USE THE ABOVE SAID?

SalahuddinGunturi

Seafood – A Smart Choice For Diabetes.

kriti

i have diabetes since 2 years but it has brought positive changes in me i have reduced my weight by 18 kgs by regular exercise and diet control as of now i am off medicines i have become more active and energetic if i had followed this way of life previously i would not have had this disease but better late than never

Gauravsharma10

Diabetes is said to be a sedentary lifestyle disease as people seldom get time to exercise and the food they eat is not properly converted.
Types Of diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes – Your body doesn’t produce Insulin at all.
Type 2 Diabetes – Your body doesn’t produce the required amount of insulin.
Gestational Diabetes - You develop this at the time of your pregnancy.
Although Diabetes is not curable, there are some remedies to keep Diabetes in check
1.Do not skip meals.
2.Avoid foods having high sodium/sugar content.
3.Avoid smoking, Drinking, Non vegetarian foods and Sweets completely.
4.Have fresh vegetables like lemon, Bitter Gourd, Amla, Tomatoes, Cucumbers more in your diet
(Keep in Your Mind, The body needs more fibers and these vegetables are a good source of Fiber).
5.Try walking for minimum 3 – 4 kilometers a day briskly.

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