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Complications of Brachial Plexus Injury

Last Updated on Aug 16, 2014
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Complications of Brachial Plexus Injury

Erb’s palsy and Klumpke’s paralysis are complications of brachial plexus injuries that most often occur during difficult child births.

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Some brachial plexus injuries resolve on their own with time. However, severe ones may lead to permanent disability.

  • Erb’s palsy, which is a form of brachial plexus palsy affecting the upper and lower arm. Often resulting from a difficult child birth, the condition affects the movement of the shoulder, arm and hand. The particular posture that ensues is called ‘waiter’s tip deformity’.
  • Klumpke’s paralysis, where the lower roots of the brachial plexus are affected, leads to a ‘claw hand deformity.’
  • Chronic pain that result from nerve damage
  • Loss of sensations: may lead to accidental burns
  • Atrophy of muscles, stiff joints
  • Permanent disability

References:

  1. Davis, DH.; Onofrio, BM.; MacCarty, CS. (Dec 1978). "Brachial plexus injuries.". Mayo Clin Proc 53 (12): 799-807.
  2. Narakas, A.O. "The Treatment of Brachial Plexus Injuries." Link.springer.com. International Orthopaedics, June 1985. Web. 28 Jan. 2013.
  3. Lorei, MP.; Hershman, EB. (Aug 1993). "Peripheral nerve injuries in athletes. Treatment and prevention.". Sports Med 16 (2): 130-47.

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