Complications of abortion include bleeding, infection, trauma to organs and incomplete evacuation.
Complications of medical abortion include:
- Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea
- Fever, chills
- Heavy bleeding
- Abdominal pain
- Incomplete abortion, which may require surgical evacuation
- Rarely, infection
Complications of surgical abortion include:
- Bleeding: Though some bleeding is normal after an abortion, in cases of trauma to the uterus or incomplete abortion, bleeding may be excessive.
- Infection: Infection can result if adequate sterile precautions are not followed during the procedure. The patient may complain of a foul-smelling discharge and fever. Severe infection or sepsis could also occur.
- Abdominal cramps: The patient may complain of abdominal or back pain and cramps during and after the procedure.
- Incomplete abortion: Incomplete abortion may result in excessive bleeding and infection following the procedure.
- Trauma: The surgical instruments used during the procedure may damage the uterus or sometimes neighboring organs like bowel and bladder.
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- Templeton A, Grimes DA. A Request for Abortion. N Engl J Med 2011; 365:2198-2204
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- Lalitkumar S, Bygdeman M and Gemzell-Danielsson K. Mid-trimester induced abortion: a review. Human Reproduction Update 2007;13(1): 37–52
- Induced Abortion - (http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq043.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121007T1323563261)
- Abortion - (http://www.emedicinehealth.com/abortion/article_em.htm)