What are the Complications of Abortion?

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Dr. Simi Paknikar
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Mar 24, 2018
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What are the Complications of Abortion?

Complications of abortion include bleeding, infection, trauma to organs and incomplete evacuation.

Complications of medical abortion include:

  • Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea
  • Fever, chills
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Incomplete abortion, which may require surgical evacuation
  • Rarely, infection

Complications of surgical abortion include:

  • Bleeding: Though some bleeding is normal after an abortion, in cases of trauma to the uterus or incomplete abortion, bleeding may be excessive.
  • Infection: Infection can result if adequate sterile precautions are not followed during the procedure. The patient may complain of a foul-smelling discharge and fever. Severe infection or sepsis could also occur.
  • Abdominal cramps: The patient may complain of abdominal or back pain and cramps during and after the procedure.
  • Incomplete abortion: Incomplete abortion may result in excessive bleeding and infection following the procedure.
  • Trauma: The surgical instruments used during the procedure may damage the uterus or sometimes neighboring organs like bowel and bladder.

References:

  1. Rowlands S. Contraception and abortion. J R Soc Med 2007;100:465468
  2. Templeton A, Grimes DA. A Request for Abortion. N Engl J Med 2011; 365:2198-2204
  3. Brown H. Abortion round the World. BMJ 2007; 335: 1018-1019
  4. Lalitkumar S, Bygdeman M and Gemzell-Danielsson K. Mid-trimester induced abortion: a review. Human Reproduction Update 2007;13(1): 3752
  5. Induced Abortion - (http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq043.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121007T1323563261)
  6. Abortion - (http://www.emedicinehealth.com/abortion/article_em.htm)

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