What are the Causes of Rabies?
Rabies is caused by a virus.
It is usually transmitted to humans through the bite or scratch from an infected animal (rabid dogs) and less frequently by cats. It can also be transmitted if the infected saliva enters the body through broken skin. Rabies may be contracted by inhalation of virus-containing aerosol or via transplantation of an infected organ, but this happens very rarely.
From the wound site the virus enters the muscles and travels to the brain via the peripheral nerves. It multiplies in the brain and causes swelling or inflammation.
Other animals that can spread the rabies include: