What are the Causes of Meningitis?
Meningitis is usually caused by bacteria or viral infections.
Viruses that can cause meningitis include:
- Enteroviruses (most common cause of viral infections)
- Herpes simplex virus type 2
- Varicella zoster virus
- Mumps virus
Bacterial infections commonly include infection by:
- Neisseria meningitidis
- Haemophilus influenza B
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
Other less common causes of meningitis include infections by fungi, amoeba and protozoa.
Non-infectious causes of meningitis include systemic diseases like SLE, sarcoidosis, polyarteritis nodosa, rheumatoid arthritis, toxins, certain medications and malignancies. Meningitis caused by non-infectious agents is called sterile meningitis because no microorganism is isolated from the spinal fluid.
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:
Dr. Trupti Shirole. (2014, November 12). What are the Causes of Meningitis?. Medindia. Retrieved on Jun 03, 2023 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-meningitis.htm.
Dr. Trupti Shirole. "What are the Causes of Meningitis?". Medindia. Jun 03, 2023. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-meningitis.htm>.
Dr. Trupti Shirole. "What are the Causes of Meningitis?". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-meningitis.htm. (accessed Jun 03, 2023).
Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2014. What are the Causes of Meningitis?. Medindia, viewed Jun 03, 2023, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-meningitis.htm.
Do you wish to consult a Neurosurgeon for your problem? Ask your question
35 years experience
10 years experience
please explain the pathophysiology of meningitis.
Meningitis is a dangerous disease. My son had meningitis and we stayed in the hospital for 32 days. It is very costly too! The medicines are expensive. We almost lost him, too. Good thing the doctors are very good.
Dear can u suggest me a doctor for this.