Causes of High Cholesterol

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dr. simi paknikar
Medically Reviewed by dr. simi paknikar, MD
Last Updated on Dec 19, 2019
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Causes of High Cholesterol

A number of genetic or lifestyle-related factors influence and control the blood cholesterol level.

A number of genetic or lifestyle-related factors influence and control the level of total blood cholesterol in an individual. They include-

Diet

There are two dietary factors associated with increase in blood cholesterol levels-

  • Food that is high in saturated fats, including foods containing high levels of hydrogenated vegetable oils, especially palm and coconut oils, avocados and other high-fat foods of vegetable origin.
  • Foods containing high levels of cholesterol, which include egg, meat, lard and shrimp. These foods can significantly raise blood cholesterol levels, especially when combined with foods that are high in saturated fat.

Age

Older people have a higher cholesterol level than younger ones. The blood levels of cholesterol tend to increase with age.

Weight

People who are overweight are more likely to have higher LDL levels and lower HDL levels, compared to people who are of normal weight.

Sex

Men have higher cholesterol levels than females.

Diseases

Diseases such as diabetes can lower HDL levels, increase triglycerides and accelerate the development of atherosclerosis. High blood pressure, or hypertension, can also hasten the development of atherosclerosis. Some medications used to treat hypertension can increase LDL and triglycerides and decrease HDL levels.

Genes

People with a family history of heart disease are more likely to have higher blood cholesterol levels.

Lifestyle

Factors that negatively affect cholesterol levels also include high levels of stress, which can raise total cholesterol levels, and cigarette smoking, which can lower a person's HDL level as much as 15%. On the other hand, strenuous exercise can increase HDL levels and decrease LDL levels.

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I am Amiya, Age-27, From-Kolkata[India]. I have sum Problem with my cholesterol Level as billow SERUM TRIGLYCERIDE 319 SERUM CHOLESTEROL 198 SERUM HDL CHOLESTEROL (Direct) 40 SERUM LDL CHOLESTEROL (Direct) 101 SERUM VLDL CHOLESTEROL 57 SERUM TOTAL CHOLESTEROL: HDL – CHOLESTEROL 4.95 Please suggest me proper treatment and medicines, as possible billow side effect,Waiting for your kind response

KUNDAN_KISHORE

Hi Amiya, Your chol numbers are not good but it is still manageable by healty living. Add garlic to your diet and 2km morning jogging with deep breath taking. You will see the result within 6 months. Keep smiling to reduce stress. Kundan Kishore

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