About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Causes and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums

Last Updated on Sep 03, 2020
Font : A-A+

Causes and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums

Infections in the oral cavity, vitamin deficiency, underlying diseases and improper dental hygiene are the main causes of bleeding gums.


Causes of bleeding gums are:

  • Gingivitis - Gingivitis refers to inflammation of the gums. Poor maintenance of the teeth, such as inadequate brushing or failure to rinse the mouth after meals, results in the teeth being covered by a thin layer of food and bacteria. These bacteria are the chief culprits behind the inflammation. When this plaque build-up remains untreated for a long time, the plaque hardens to form tartar which causes profuse bleeding from the gums.
Bleeding Gums: Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis - Periodontitis, that is, inflammation of the ligaments and bones supporting the teeth can result in gum bleeding.
  • Trauma - Trauma to the gums by brushing the teeth too hard or tooth picking with sharp objects can result in gum bleeding. Bleeding can also be due to injury of the gums by any sharp food item e.g. fish bone.
  • Improper technique of dental flossing
  • Pregnancy - Hormonal changes in pregnancy predispose the gums to bleeding.
Bleeding Gums: Pregnancy
  • Use of anti-coagulant medications - Bleeding gums can be seen as a side effect in patients who are on blood thinning medicines.
  • Scurvy - Scurvy, a disease caused by deficiency of vitamin C, results in bleeding gums.
  • Vitamin K deficiency - Vitamin K is necessary for proper clotting of blood. Deficiency of vitamin K can result in gum bleeding.
  • Hot food and chemicals - Hot food and chemicals can end up burning the gums, resulting in bleeding. For example, some people still follow the practice of placing pain relieving tablets on the gum adjacent to the painful tooth, which invariably causes burns.
  • Leukemia - Leukemia may also lead to increased bleeding in the gums and oral region.

Symptoms of Bleeding Gums

Soft and spongy gums, pain, bad breath and bleeding are the symptoms of bleeding gums.

Symptoms of bleeding gums are:

  • The gums become soft, spongy and swollen.
  • Bleeding - Bleeding is usually noticed while brushing the teeth, or in the saliva, while spitting. Eating of any coarse food items may induce bleeding from gums.
  • Pain - Bleeding of the gums may occur with or without associated pain. The pain, if present, is usually dull in nature.
Bleeding Gums: Pain
  • Bad breath.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. (2020, September 03). Causes and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums. Medindia. Retrieved on May 22, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bleeding-gums.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Causes and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums". Medindia. May 22, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bleeding-gums.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Causes and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bleeding-gums.htm. (accessed May 22, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2021. Causes and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums. Medindia, viewed May 22, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bleeding-gums.htm.

Do you wish to consult a Dentist for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Safia Mohammed
Dr. Safia Mohammed
6 years experience
CDC, Tolichowki
Teleconsult Now View Profile
Dr. Anjan Venkatesh
Dr. Anjan  Venkatesh
Bachelor of Dental Surgery
2 years experience
Teleconsult Now View Profile
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.



I jam having problem of bledding gum and bad breath.Kindly advice Medicines for it


hi i need a help i have a big problem my gum and teeth bleed day and nigh after sleep how can i treatmeant plz


Bleeding gums is the most dreadful thing. It spoils the breath and also the taste of the food. I would first like to meet the emergency dentists clinic....


i need help,my gum bleeding today.how can i help?thank you


i need help,my gum bleed day and night plus a bad breath..how can i healit .thank you

Health Topics A - Z

    What's New on Medindia
    Prevent Hacking of Medical Devices: FDA Sounds Alarm
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Drug Interaction Checker Find a Doctor Drug - Food Interactions Sinopril (2mg) (Lacidipine) Hearing Loss Calculator Accident and Trauma Care Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Indian Medical Journals Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
    open close