About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Causes of Bird Flu

Last Updated on Jul 28, 2021
Font : A-A+

Causes of Bird Flu

The H5N1 influenza virus causes bird flu. This virus that causes the bird infection can mutate to infect humans.

Advertisement

Mode of transmission of bird flu virus-

Waterfowls act as a reservoir of avian influenza virus by carrying the virus in their intestinal tract and shedding it in their feces. Avian influenza virus is spread to susceptible birds through inhalation of influenza particles from nasal and respiratory secretions and from contact with the feces of infected birds.

Influenza virus mainly spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes. This is called ‘droplet spread’. This can happen when droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person are propelled (generally up to 3 feet) through the air and deposited on the mouth or nose of people nearby. Though much less frequent, the virus also can spread when a person touches respiratory droplets on another person or an object and then touches his/her own mouth or nose (or someone else's mouth or nose) before washing the hands.

Advertisement

A person can spread the flu one he or she is infected even before feeling sick. Adults can continue to pass the flu virus to others for another 3-7 days after symptoms start. Children can pass the virus for longer than seven days. Symptoms start one to four days after the virus enters the body. Some persons can be infected with the flu virus but have no symptoms. During this time, those persons can still spread the virus to others.

Mode of Transmission of Bird Flu Virus

References:

  1. US NIOSH certified N-95, European CE P2, or comparable national/regional standards applicable to the country of manufacture. Higher level particulate respirators may also be used.
  2. In the control of the outbreak of avian influenza in the Netherlands in 2003, N95 or equivalent respiratory protection was used.
  3. For treatment, oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu®): 75 mg capsule twice daily, for 5 days.
  4. All concerned (persons at risk both environmentally and occupationally) should be vaccinated with the current WHO recommended influenza vaccine as soon as possible prior to anticipated risk exposure (2 weeks are required to develop preventive immunity by vaccination.). This does not specifically protect against H5N1.

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. (2021, July 28). Causes of Bird Flu. Medindia. Retrieved on May 16, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bird-flu.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Causes of Bird Flu". Medindia. May 16, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bird-flu.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. "Causes of Bird Flu". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bird-flu.htm. (accessed May 16, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Trupti Shirole. 2021. Causes of Bird Flu. Medindia, viewed May 16, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/what-are-the-causes-of-bird-flu.htm.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

@Guest

I was hoping for more information

johnexo

Symptoms of avian influenza in humans have ranged from typical human influenza-like symptoms [fever, cough, sore throat, and muscle aches] to eye infections, pneumonia, severe respiratory diseases (such as acute respiratory distress syndrome). http://www.biblehealth.com

Rajay86

Good Suggestion

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    Drinking This Popular Beverage May Drop Dementia Risk
    Worst Mistakes Parents Make When Talking to Kids
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    The Essence of Yoga Indian Medical Journals Iron Intake Calculator Vent Forte (Theophylline) Find a Hospital Diaphragmatic Hernia Selfie Addiction Calculator Daily Calorie Requirements Sanatogen Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam)

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use