Causes of Pre Eclampsia

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Dr. Nithin Jayan
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Nithin Jayan, MBBS, DNB
Last Updated on Sep 23, 2014
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What are the Causes and Risk Factors of Pre-eclampsia?

Experts believe that a problem with the placenta causes pre-eclampsia. However, the exact cause of pre-eclampsia is not known.

Possible causes of pre-eclampsia include-

  • Impaired blood flow to the placenta or uterus
  • Damage to the blood vessels of the placenta
  • Poor nutrition
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • High body fat
  • Genes
Pre-eclampsia

Risk factors for pre-eclampsia include-

  • First pregnancy
  • If pregnant mother is younger than 18 years or older than 40 years of age.
  • Prolonged spacing between two pregnancies.
  • Low socioeconomic status.
  • Multiple gestations such as twins or triplets.
  • Molar pregnancy, an abnormal condition that mimics a normal pregnancy but is actually a tumor.
  • History of chronic high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney disorder, migraine, rheumatoid arthritis, SLE.
  • Family history of pre-eclampsia (i.e., a mother, sister, grandmother or aunt who had the disorder).
  • Women with higher-than-average body fat.
  • New paternity - Every pregnancy with a new partner increases the risk of pre-eclampsia over a second or third pregnancy with the same partner.

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papandreas

In the 2,000 years that preeclampsia has existed, never has there been a book to address the disease from a parents point of view - until now. A Mom and Dad's Guide to Preeclampsia is the 1st book of its kind to help expectant parents through their struggle with preeclampsia.

My name is David Papandreas and I conceived a Mom and Dad's Guide to Preeclampsia while my incredible wife and I found ourselves searching helplessly on the internet for what to expect. It was amazing that the websites only discussed the characteristics that define preeclampsia and offer no practical knowledge. Pregnant with our first child, we were scared not knowing what this meant and how we would react to the diagnosis.

Now, 9 months after our baby was born happy, healthy, and whole, we want to share our story and inspire the 400,000 pregnant ladies every year in the U.S. that develop preeclampsia. The book features useful tips, strategies and real stories to help others deal with the condition.

Canary11

My sister, two aunts, and two cousins all had eclampsia. My cousin died of it. Would it be best if I did not get pregnant, since I am probably at high risk?

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