Vertigo / Dizziness

Dr. Trupti Shirole
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Oct 04, 2019
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Other Names - Dizziness, Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), Meniere disease, Motion Sickness, Labyrinthitis

Vertigo is a feeling of spinning (whirling) or falling down when there are no actual body movements. Vertigo is caused most often due to problems in the brain and inner ear. The most common form of vertigo is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV). It is a symptom of a balance disorder that occurs due to disturbances caused in the inner ear balance.

Vertigo may last for a few moments,several hours, or even days. Vertigo is most common in elderly people, but can affect both sexes at any age.

The patient suffering from vertigo complains of a sensation of motion or spinning within stable surroundings, and it may be accompanied by loss of balance and nausea.

Depending on the symptoms and signs, a diagnosis of vertigo can be made. To make an accurate diagnosis the doctor can sometimes advice tests like Dix-Hallpike test, computerized dynamic posturography, audiometry or electronystagmography.

Treatment of vertigo depends largely on the underlying cause of vertigo. Ear infection will need treatment with antibiotics. Common medicines for treatment of the condition include- meclizine hydrochloride (Antivert), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), promethazine hydrochloride (Phenergan) and diazepam (Valium). Physical therapy might be recommended in some forms of vertigo.

People suffering from vertigo should take precautions so that they do not fall and hurt themselves. House and toilets may need to have railings installed.

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I am having frequent episodes of vertigo. I am diagnosed with Mineare's disease. I had taken Cinnarizine earlier for a month and my vertigo stopped for a month. Then the Doctor prescribed Vertin 16 * 3 for 2 months but no help. The frequency has also increased to multiple times a day now. Now the doctor has prescribed Vertin 24 * 2 for a month. Any help would be appreciated.

When a person is diagnosed with Vertigo and are put on medication, are there any warning sings before hand that they are going to have a dizziness or does it come on instantly without warning?

Hi. In my case, yes thee are some warning signs like i am having some visual problems and headache. What I do is I close my eyes, if I feel like my surrounding is about to spin, i take the prescribed medication immediately(betahistine mesylate). The drug is a graet help in making vertigo manageable, if not prevent it. I hope this piece of information has helped.

You can figure out some onset hints such as Gas formation or blurness/dizziness but most of the times it will be sudden and you will be surprised. You will also noice that walking fast may be an onset for vertigo but not always.


I'm surrefiing through Vestibular neuritis.Irritation started while talking on cell phone. Does the signal of mobile affects the inner ear?


I have suffered from BPPV for many years now...... I have tried the eply maneuver a few times. While I have no insurance and very limited finances. I am not sure I am doing the exercise correctly. It seems to help when I can tolerate doing it, but only for a while. I was admitted to the hospital 2 weeks ago and given valum intravenously that seems to be the only thing to ever actually help. Also it seems I have more, longer lasting, and intense attacks in the fall. Has anyone experienced this?

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