About Careers MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Vaccination for Children

Last Updated on Mar 09, 2017
Font : A-A+

About

Vaccines are biological products that impart immunity to the recipient. Vaccines may be live attenuated, killed or toxoids.

Vaccines are administered to children to protect them from infections that could cause death or severe disability.

Advertisement

Vaccines are of three types:

Killed vaccines: Killed vaccines contain microorganisms that are killed by various processes. E.g. Salk vaccine for polio.

Vaccination for Children

Live attenuated vaccines: These vaccines contain live microorganisms that can multiply to a limited extent in the child, but they are unable to produce an infection. They usually provide long-lasting immunity. They could, however, result in disease in people with decreased immunity, for example, those suffering from cancer, AIDS or under treatment with corticosteroids; live attenuated vaccines should be avoided in people with decreased immunity. E.g. oral polio vaccine.

Advertisement

Toxoids: These are bacterial toxins that have been rendered inactive, but they retain their ability to produce an immune reaction. E.g. tetanus toxoid and diphtheria toxoid.

Advertisement

A vaccine is made often from bacteria and viruses, but is unable to produce an infection in a normal child. However, it retains its ability to produce an immune reaction. The child produces antibodies against the organism, thus conferring protection to the child against that particular organism. For example, if a live attenuated polio vaccine is administered to the child, the child produces an immune reaction against the polio virus in the vaccine. The same antibodies also protect the child if an actual polio virus infects the child.

Most vaccines are safe in children and do not cause any complications. Mild adverse effects like local pain, fever and mild rash may be observed. Serious complications are rarely observed with the use of vaccines. The benefits of the vaccines outweigh their risk even in the face of these rare serious complications and their continued use in children is recommended.

The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) was launched in India in 1978. It aimed to cover 80% infants against six diseases, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, typhoid and childhood tuberculosis. The program was later expanded to cover 100% infants in 1985 and was referred to as the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP). Under this program, typhoid vaccination was discontinued and measles vaccine was added. Vaccines are administered free of cost under this program.

The Indian Academy of Pediatrics also has its list of recommendations to include some of the newer vaccines. These vaccines may be administered to the child if the parents agree and can afford the vaccine. This list includes some of the newer vaccines which have not been considered under the National Program as yet.

  1. KD Tripathi. Essentials of Medical Pharmacology 6th edition
  2. Vaccine India - (http://www.vaccineindia.org/)

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. (2017, March 09). Vaccination for Children. Medindia. Retrieved on Dec 07, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/vaccination-for-children.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Vaccination for Children". Medindia. Dec 07, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/vaccination-for-children.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Vaccination for Children". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/vaccination-for-children.htm. (accessed Dec 07, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. 2021. Vaccination for Children. Medindia, viewed Dec 07, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/vaccination-for-children.htm.

Latest Publications and Research on Vaccination for Children


Do you wish to consult a Pediatrician for your problem? Ask your question

Dr. Ashok Kumar Sharma
Dr. Ashok Kumar Sharma
MBBS, MD
45 years experience
Dr. Radha Rajpal
Dr. Radha Rajpal
MBBS, MD
15 years experience
Dr. Janardhana Reddy
Dr. Janardhana Reddy
MBBS, DCH, DNB
10 years experience
Dr. Zahid Hussain
Dr. Zahid  Hussain
MBBS, DCH, DNB, MRCPCH
17 years experience
View All

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Comments

Raman79

Stay alert and stay protected! MyVac http://bit.ly/2q0SfMC helps to stay updated on vaccination schedules and and vaccination reminders.

ArshadAli

There is a definite relation shown between M M R and autism. Most vaccines are scam and they do more harm than they protect.

InderP

Vaccination is the biggest Medical Scam of the Century, people and even doctors are not aware of the ingredients of these vaccines and harmful neuro toxins like Mercury [thimerasol] in them causing large epidemic of neurological disorders, learning disabilities in children.

Anudhar

Keeping track of vaccinations for your baby is indeed very important as it protects your child against a range of serious and potentially fatal diseases. With busy schedules and multiple tasks at hand, it becomes extremely difficult to monitor immunizations and their dates. I came across a simple vaccination app on Google Play store, VacciTrack, that helps to keep track of your child’s immunization schedule till the age of 10. It gives you reminder before the day of vaccination and a full chart along with missed and upcoming vaccines. Hope this helps!

rajeshneva

My daughter is 10 years old and is a patient of celebral palsy ,can the vaccines like Tetanus and HPV Vaccine given to her.

View More Comments
Advertisement
Recommended Reading
Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    Drugs for Vaccination for Children
    Cholera Vaccine
    Thimerosal
    What's New on Medindia
    World Disability Day 2022 - The Role of Innovative Transformation
    Diet and Oral Health: The Sugary Connection May Become Sour
    World AIDS Day 2022 - Equalize!
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    The Essence of Yoga Vent Forte (Theophylline) Indian Medical Journals Blood - Sugar Chart Accident and Trauma Care Find a Hospital Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Hearing Loss Calculator Find a Doctor Drug Interaction Checker
    This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close