Treatment of Adult Onset Still's Disease

dr. simi paknikar
Medically Reviewed by dr. simi paknikar, MD
Last Updated on Apr 07, 2014
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Treatment of Adult Onset Stillís Disease

Treatment is based on severity of the condition and includes NSAIDs, glucocorticoids, and DMARDs.

The treatment of AOSD differs between individuals based on the severity and recurrence of the disease. In some patients symptoms and do not recur. In other patients, they may disappear for a while but reappear later with reduced intensity, or persist for a long time and affect organs such as heart, liver, and lungs.

In general, treatment of AOSD in the initial stages involves nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat inflammation and arthritic symptoms of joints, tissues, and muscles. Aspirin and ibuprofen are some of the drugs, which are prescribed to alleviate pain, even before confirmation of the diagnosis of AOSD Research has also indicated that intravenous injection of immunoglobulins show a good response in the treatment of early-stage AOSD. Patients who are administered with NSAIDs may show side effects and damage to the liver, which needs to be monitored.

Patients with mild or moderate form of AOSD, and who do not respond to NSAIDs should be administered with corticosteroids such as prednisone (0.5-1 mg/kg). Once the symptoms are alleviated, dosage of corticosteroids should be reduced. Those with life-threatening conditions, like hepatic failure or myocarditis, are administered pulse methylprednisone. Approximately 70% of patients respond to glucocorticoid treatment. Although steroid treatment reduces inflammation, patients are predisposed to infections, due to lowered immunity and osteoporosis among other complications.

Treatment of Adult Onset Stillís Disease: Corticosteroids

Patients with the chronic form of AOSD require medications that target arthritis, other systemic organ damage, and the immune system. Drugs such as cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, anakinra (IL-1 inhibitor), cyclosporin, hydroxychloroquine, anti-tumour necrosis factor therapies (etanercept, infliximab) are some examples.

Individuals are advised to follow the medication regimen in order to avoid further deterioration of muscles, tissues, and joints. Doctors may prescribe an exercise regimen to sustain the movement of painful joints. Vitamin E and calcium are prescribed to avoid osteoporosis.

Treatment of Adult Onset Stillís Disease: Exercise

References:

  1. Adult Still's disease - (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adult-stills-disease/basics/definition/con-20026609)
  2. Mahroum N, Mahagna H, Amital H. Diagnosis and classification of adult Stillís disease. J Autoimmun. 2014;48-49:34-37.
  3. Persad P, Patel R, Patel N. Adult Onset Stillís Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Case Rep Med. 2010;doi: 10.1155/2010/621046.
  4. Lin KM et al. Formation of Rice Bodies: an Unusual Finding of Adult-Onset Stillís Disease. Clin Rheumatol. 2008;27Suppl2:S55-57.
  5. Lee JB et al. Adult-Onset Stillís Disease with Vesiculopustules on the Hands and Feet. J Korean Med Sci. 2002;17(6):852-855.

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