Treatment and Prevention of Eye Infections
Eye infections must be promptly treated in order to avoid complications.
Treatment of eye infection includes the following:
- Bacterial infection is treated with topical antibiotics. The choice of the antibiotic depends upon the infecting organism. In case the organism is not known, a broad-spectrum antibiotic is prescribed. Severe infection may also require systemic antibiotics.
- Viral infections are treated with oral or topical antiviral drugs. Viral conjunctivitis usually recovers with symptomatic treatment alone.
- Styes and dacryocystitis are treated with warm compresses and local antibiotics. A mild surgery may be needed in some cases.
- Cases of orbital and periorbital cellulitis and endophthalmitis often require hospital admission.
Prevention of Eye Infections
Eye infections may be prevented to some extent by following some simple tips:
- Practice good personal hygiene and do not touch your eyes with unclean fingers.
- If you use contact lenses, never share lens solution and containers with anyone and clean properly before and after use.
- Keep an anti-bacterial lotion or hand sanitizer when you go outdoors.
Help in Early identification of Diabetic Retinopathy
- Common Eye Infections - (http://www.intechopen.com/books/common-eye-infections)
- KEEPING AN EYE ON INFECTIONS - (http://www.diabetes.org.sg/resources/0709-keeping.pdf)
- Treatment of Blood Clots - (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/106/20/e138.full)
- Blood Clots and Strokes: A Guide for Parents and Little Folks - By Maureen Andrew, Maureen Andrew