About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Treatment and Prevention of Blood Clots

Font : A-A+

Treatment and Prevention of Blood Clots

Blood clots are commonly treated using anticoagulants.


Superficial venous clots can be treated symptomatically with warm compresses and mild medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Clots formed in deeper veins or arteries require medications like antiplatelet, anticoagulant and thrombolytic agents.

  • Antiplatelet medications: Since the patient who develops an arterial clot is at a risk for developing more clots, he/she should receive antiplatelet medications like aspirin to prevent clotting of blood.
    • Anticoagulants: Heparin or low molecular weight heparin is used as a blood thinner to treat blood clots. Warfarin is another commonly used blood thinner. Heparin is preferred to warfarin in pregnant women suffering from blood clots as warfarin is harmful to the fetus.
    • Thrombolytic agents: Thrombolytic agents or clot busters like Alteplase act by dissolving the blood clot and are used in some conditions including heart attack.
    • Cardiac catheterization is performed in some cases with a block in the cardiac arteries to restore the blood flow. A surgical procedure may also be necessary in deep vein thrombosis.
    • Identification and treatment of risk factors: It is necessary to identify risk factors causing the clot and treat them. Thus, conditions like diabetes, hypertension and high lipid levels should be treated. The patient should be advised to stop smoking.

    How can Blood Clots be Prevented?

    • Identify and treat conditions that predispose to blood clotting such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes or heart disease
    • Avoiding sedentary lifestyle, stop smoking and drinking excessive alcohol, and lose weight if necessary
    • Exercise regularly
    • Change your position often during long trips
    • Consult the doctor periodically if you are suffering from genetic defects that cause blood clots or if you are on hormonal medications.


    1. Treatment of Blood Clots - (http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/106/20/e138.full)
    2. Blood Clots and Strokes: A Guide for Parents and Little Folks - By Maureen Andrew, Maureen Andrew, MD.
    3. Blood Clotting Disorders (Hypercoagulable States) - (http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/disorders/vascular/hypercoagstate.aspx)

    Citations   close

    Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

    • APA

      Dr. Simi Paknikar. (2014, July 24). Treatment and Prevention of Blood Clots. Medindia. Retrieved on May 20, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/treatment-and-prevention-of-blood-clots.htm.

    • MLA

      Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Treatment and Prevention of Blood Clots". Medindia. May 20, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/treatment-and-prevention-of-blood-clots.htm>.

    • Chicago

      Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Treatment and Prevention of Blood Clots". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/treatment-and-prevention-of-blood-clots.htm. (accessed May 20, 2022).

    • Harvard

      Dr. Simi Paknikar. 2021. Treatment and Prevention of Blood Clots. Medindia, viewed May 20, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/treatment-and-prevention-of-blood-clots.htm.

    Post a Comment

    Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

    Health Topics A - Z
    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

      What's New on Medindia
      Prevent Hacking of Medical Devices: FDA Sounds Alarm
      Black Water: Benefits and Uses
      World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
      View all

      Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
      Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

      Most Popular on Medindia

      Sanatogen Find a Hospital Iron Intake Calculator Daily Calorie Requirements Post-Nasal Drip Noscaphene (Noscapine) Drug Side Effects Calculator Blood - Sugar Chart Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) A-Z Drug Brands in India

      Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

      © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

      This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use