Treatment and Complications of Bigorexia / Muscle Dysmorphia

Dr. Simi Paknikar
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Jan 10, 2014
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Treatment and Complications of Bigorexia / Muscle Dysmorphia

Treatment of bigorexia includes cognitive behavioral therapy, antidepressant medications or a combination of both. Bigorexic individuals tend to be at a higher risk for complications due to excessive workouts and extreme dietary regimens.

Treatment of Bigorexia / Muscle Dysmorphia

Treatment of bigorexia includes-

Bigorexia Behavioral Therapy
  • Antidepressants: Antidepressant medications called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are most commonly recommended
  • Combination of both

Most of the bigorexia cases require long term psychological care and most importantly, support from family and friends.

Complications of Bigorexia / Muscle Dysmorphia

The most commonly observed health complications in individuals suffering from bigorexia include:

  • Frequent injury and damage to muscles, joints and tendons due to over exercising
  • Health complications due to abuse of anabolic steroids and other supplements used to build body mass
  • Anxiety, self-hatred and depression
Bigorexia Depression

References:

  1. James L, Edward S, Kimberly G. Recognition and Treatment of Muscle Dysmorphia and Related Body Image Disorders. J AthlTrain 2005; 40(4):352-359.
  2. Courtney P, Harrison P, William M, Christina F, Roberto O, Katharine P. Clinical features of muscle dysmorphia among males with body dysmorphic disorder. Body Image 2005; 2(4):395-400.
  3. What is Muscle Dysmorphia, Bigorexia, Reverse Anorexia? - (http://www.healthyplace.com/ocd-related-disorders/body -dysmorphic-disorder/what-is-muscle-dysmorphia-bigorexia -reverse-anorexia/)

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