Introduction & Risk factors
Toxoplasmosis is a common disease found in birds and other warm-blooded animals including most pets, livestock, and human beings. The infection is caused by a parasite called toxoplasma gondii. It was first discovered in 1908. The parasite is found throughout the world but it is more prevalent in the USA. Nearly one-third of all adults in the U.S. and in Europe have antibodies to Toxoplasma, which means that they have been exposed to this parasite. Of those who are infected, very few have symptoms because a healthy person's immune system usually checks the parasite from causing illness. However, pregnant women and individuals who have a less active immune systems should be cautious as it can cause serious health problems.
There are two populations who are at high risk for infection with Toxoplasma:
- Infants born to mothers who became infected with Toxoplasma for the first time during or just before pregnancy.
- Persons with severely weakened immune systems, such as individuals with HIV/AIDS, those taking certain types of chemotherapy, and those who have recently received an organ transplant.
Latest Publications and Research on Toxoplasmosis
- Serological survey and risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in cattle from Amazonas, Brazil. - Published by PubMed
- How to estimate time of infection with Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women. Use of specific IgG and IgM kinetics by 7 techniques on 691 sera. - Published by PubMed
- Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis at a Tertiary Care Centre in North India from 2004 to 2014. - Published by PubMed
- Comparative ex vivo infection with Trypanosoma cruzi and Toxoplasma gondii of human, canine and ovine placenta: Analysis of tissue damage and infection efficiency. - Published by PubMed
- Isolation and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from placental tissues of pregnant women who received toxoplasmosis treatment during an outbreak in southern Brazil. - Published by PubMed