The condition was named after the French neurologist Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette, who first described Tourette Syndrome (TS) in the year 1885 after studying an 86-year-old French noblewoman.
It is now understood that one out of every 100 persons has Tourette Syndrome (TS).
Persons with Tourette syndrome have little control over the unusual movements or sounds ('tics') that they make.
Tics that are commonly manifested include throat-clearing and blinking. Repetition of words, blurting them out, using swear words or spinning around are also among the commonly observed tics.
The cause(s) of Tourette syndrome remains unknown. Tics begin to be noticed in early childhood between the ages of 7-10 and it gradually worsens by the time the child enters early teens. From late teen to adulthood there is an improvement in the condition.
Tourette Syndrome (TS) occurs three to four times more often in males than in females.
Certain simple physical experiences can trigger tics. Using a tight collar (neck tics) or hearing another person sniffing or clearing throat may trigger similar sounds from a susceptible person. Stress or other forms of excitement can worsen tics.
Tics are not involuntary although it has been made to appear so. It is untrue to say that tic sufferers have no control over their condition. Many with tics have referred to a compelling sensation or urge prior to the actual manifestations of tics and they go on to describe a certain need to relieve the sensation much like scratching one’s leg after ant bites it. Suppression is possible but it often leads to over-expression of the same at the nearest available opportunity.
Usually people outgrow this condition and treatment is often not required unless tics interfere with the quality of daily life.
The best form of therapy would be to focus on activities that calm the mind. Medicines and talk therapy are also known to help.
Tourette Syndrome (TS) is seen widely in people of all ethnic backgrounds.
What is News in Tourette Syndrome?
1. A 7-year-old With Tourette's Makes Video to Stop the BulliesThe hiccups can be noticeable or unnoticeable, sometimes quiet or loud. It just happens and cannot be stopped . The jaw goes up and down, cause noises, where the spit swishes around my mouth.Read More..
Latest Publications and Research on Tourette SyndromeDouble diffeomorphism: combining morphometry and structural connectivity analysis. - Published by PubMed
Anteromedial GPi deep brain stimulation in Tourette syndrome: The first case series from Iran. - Published by PubMed
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Tourette Syndrome: A Historical Perspective, Its Current Use and the Influence of Comorbidities in Treatment Response. - Published by PubMed
European Multicentre Tics in Children Studies (EMTICS): protocol for two cohort studies to assess risk factors for tic onset and exacerbation in children and adolescents. - Published by PubMed
Phenomenology and Clinical Correlates of Stimulus-Bound Tics in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. - Published by PubMed