Tooth decay is a disease of the tooth that damages its structure.
It is the most important cause of tooth loss in children and younger people. Tooth decay can easily be prevented by brushing and flossing the teeth regularly. Untreated tooth decay can result in death of the internal structures of the tooth with eventual loss of the tooth.
Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in the mouth make acids that form cavities in the teeth.
Cavities are usually painless until they grow very large inside the internal structures of the tooth (the dentin and the pulp at the core) and can cause death of the nerve and blood vessels in the tooth, leading to the formation of abscess. Toothache is the most common symptom of tooth decay.
Tooth decay can easily be diagnosed during routine dental check-ups.
The treatment for tooth decay depends upon the extent of damage. Mild cavities can be fixed with the help of fillings. For more severe tooth decay, a crown or root canal is recommended. In extreme cases, the dentist extracts the damaged tooth.
Latest Publications and Research on Tooth Decay
- Dental Caries Status in Autistic Children: A Meta-analysis. - Published by PubMed
- Effect of cerebral palsy and dental caries on dental plaque index, salivary parameters and oxidative stress in children and adolescents. - Published by PubMed
- Oral health of Brazilian individuals with mucopolyssaccaridosis. - Published by PubMed
- The relationship between obesity and dental caries according to life style factors in schoolchildren: a case-control study. - Published by PubMed
- [Evaluation of the Follow-Up and State of Adolescents with Sickle-Cell Disease in Brazzaville (Congo)]. - Published by PubMed