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Symptoms of Adult-Onset Still's Disease

Last Updated on Apr 07, 2014
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Symptoms of Adult-Onset Stillís Disease

Symptoms of Adult-onset Stillís disease include fever, rash and joint pain and stiffness.

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Adult-onset Stillís disease shows symptoms, which differ based on the individual and the duration of the disease. AOSD is characterized by 3 main symptoms, followed by other common secondary symptoms:

  • The main symptom for AOSD is high fever (> 102įC), which persists for 7 or more days, and peaks in the afternoon or at night. At times, high temperature peaks are observed twice a day. Between temperature peaks, the individual returns to normal temperature. In many cases, the fever resolves by itself.
  • The second common symptom is a pink (salmon-colored) rash. The rash appears with the advent of fever and disappears when the fever abates. There is no itchiness and the rash appears on arms, legs, and the trunk. Rubbing the skin can also provoke appearance of a rash.
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  • The third symptom is swelling of joints with stiffness and pain. Wrists, ankles, elbows, and knees are most commonly affected. Joint stiffness persists in the morning for many hours. Joint pain advances into arthritis over time and spreads across the joints of the body. Swelling of joints persists for nearly 2 weeks.
  • Individuals are also affected by a severe, persistent, and painful sore throat. There is associated swelling of lymph nodes in the neck.
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  • Muscle pain is another symptom, which gradually reduces when the fever abates. However, the pain disrupts normal activities.
Symptoms of Adult-Onset Stillís Disease

Some of the common associated features of ASOD are as follows:

  • Enlargement of spleen
  • Inflammation of the heart and lungs, specially the lining surrounding the organs (eg, pleuritis, pericarditis, pulmonary infiltrates)
  • Liver failure resulting in an increase in liver enzymes
Symptoms of Adult-Onset Stillís Disease: Liver Enzymes
  • Reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (RHS) - activation of macrophages, which consume hematopoetic cells resulting in a fatal hematological condition.
  • Pharyngitis and lymphadenopathy
  • Pain while inhaling
  • Pain and swelling in the abdomen

References:

  1. Adult Still's disease - (http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adult-stills-disease/basics/definition/con-20026609)
  2. Mahroum N, Mahagna H, Amital H. Diagnosis and classification of adult Stillís disease. J Autoimmun. 2014;48-49:34-37.
  3. Persad P, Patel R, Patel N. Adult Onset Stillís Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Case Rep Med. 2010;doi: 10.1155/2010/621046.
  4. Lin KM et al. Formation of Rice Bodies: an Unusual Finding of Adult-Onset Stillís Disease. Clin Rheumatol. 2008;27Suppl2:S55-57.
  5. Lee JB et al. Adult-Onset Stillís Disease with Vesiculopustules on the Hands and Feet. J Korean Med Sci. 2002;17(6):852-855.

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