Swollen gums Causes

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Apr 03, 2008
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What are the causes of Swollen Gums ?

Most common cause of swollen gums is infection of the “gingiva”, caused by plaque, which is a thin covering of food and bacteria on the tooth surface . The bacterial content of this plaque triggers a response from the gingiva, which results in swelling. The swelling is caused by accumulation of white blood cells and fluids, which in turn counteracts the action of the bacteria.

Due to certain normal conditions such as pregnancy and puberty, the gingiva may swell. This swelling is an abnormal response to the normal bacteria present in the mouth. This may be due to hormonal changes or variation seen during the above-mentioned conditions.

Certain diseases or deficiency conditions may also result in swollen gingiva. They are:

  •  Vitamin C deficiency
  •  Leukemia - cancer of blood cells
  •  Tumors or abnormal growth on the gingiva, which may be harmless or can be cancerous.
  •  Certain drugs used by the patient may result in increased size of the gingiva as a side effect
  •  E.g. Phenytoin used in Epileptic Fits, Nifedepine used for blood pressure.

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aksin

My wife is 7 months pregnant and she has swollen teeth. We are not sure whether to go to a dentist or just sit on it during the pregnancy period. As the dental plan in Canada is not covered by the Government, the dentists in Canada tend to make a big deal out of nothing, as they get paid more. So we prefer not to go to the dentist if we do not have to.
Can anyone suggest what we should do at this moment?

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