Last Updated on Dec 05, 2016

Diagnosis

The following are the methods by which kidney stones are diagnosed-

  • Medical history and physical examination of the patient
  • Urinalysis to evaluate the presence of blood or micro organisms in the urine
  • Blood tests for complete blood count and to check for creatinine and calcium levels
  • Ultra sound can be done but is not sensitive enough to pick up small stones. It is usually the first radiological investigation and the preferred method for pregnant woman.
  • Abdominal X-ray helps to obtain images of the urinary system and to identify a kidney/urinary stone. This test is not completely reliable.
  • Intravenous Pyelogram or Urogram (IVP or IVU ) can be carried out to precisely locate kidney stones. The procedure is done by injecting a contrast medium intravenously and by taking a series of X-rays to detect the blockage. Some patients may be allergic to the contrast medium or the dye.
  • Plain non-contrast spiral computerized tomography (CT) scan uses X-ray beams to produce two-dimensional images of body organs. It can detect small kidney stones that cannot be revealed by ordinary X-rays or the usual CT scans.

CT urogram- like in IVU, a contrast medium containing iodine is injected intravenously into the patient and a CT scan of the kidneys, bladder and ureters is taken. This test which is done rarely, helps to study the functioning of the kidneys.

Comments

ProAsim Thursday, June 13, 2013

I had a pain while discharge urine almost 2 months ago, I took some medicine and it worked. After couple of weeks in the late night for continues 2 days a severe desire to discharge urine but there was actually no urine. Let me conclude it quickly, I had gone through Blood, Urine Test and also Ultrasound of complete abdomen. In the Urine found puss cell and also some blood cells as well but there was no stone or infection in kidneys. Doctor prescribed some medicine for 15 days and advised to come again for checkup. I took medicine and then did not visit again to doctor. Almost 5 days ago on dated 8th June, I noticed there was blood coming from my urine, I started drinking water, lemon juice, the urine was hard to come out but I noticed blood stopped coming during urinate but some drops of blood at the end come out. before visiting doctor on 10th June, I again gone through some tests of Urine and Ultrasound, there was small infection was showing on urine pipe. Then again doctor advised go with X-ray of abdomen, on 10th evening I get the x-ray result and found a shadow of stone on urine pipe [Sorry I have no idea what to say to this place]. The stone is not too big but I noticed this can not go through urine pipe, can you please advice how can I cure from this?

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