Last Updated on Aug 18, 2016

Health Hazards of Smoking - Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death due to smoking.

Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by the action on the blood vessels; by increasing the work load of the heart and by decreasing exercise tolerance.

Smoking accelerates the hardening and narrowing process in the arteries. It decreases HDL (good) cholesterol. Nicotine in the cigarette causes constriction of blood vessels which increases blood pressure resulting in hypertension.

Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease: Hypertension

Some of the diseases caused by smoking-

  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Cerebrovascular disease- Smoking causes atherosclerosis. Slowing of blood flow also occurs which in turn can lead to thrombus formation. If this affects the vessels to the brain I can lead to stroke and paralysis.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm- Swelling or weakening of the aorta where it runs through the abdomen.
  • Peripheral vascular disease- Smoking by its action on blood vessels causes vasoconstriction and is also the risk factor for the development of peripheral vascular disease and inflammation of a vein. Obstruction of the large arteries in the arms and legs can lead to a wide range of problems from pain to tissue loss or gangrene.
  • Coronary heart disease- Cigarette smoking increases the duration of ischemia in patients with coronary heart disease and also the number of times a patient gets ischemic attacks.
Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease: Coronary Heart Disease

Comments

Wahono Friday, February 6, 2015

indeed a very serious disease is very scary at all, if not promptly removed, the safety of our lives at stake, thanks for the share that you have provided and may be useful for us all, greetings Obat Aborsi Aman

jaysaha Saturday, October 5, 2013

This time i am very much trying to quit, kindly let me know if u can be of any help though i know about the hazards.

arnold12 Friday, June 15, 2012

I read your post regarding effects of smoking and i must say it was very informative plus interesting post to read. I totally agree with you that smoking cigarettes are extremely dangerous for our health and well-being. Getting rid of smoking can help us live a healthy life.

jeniallington02 Thursday, December 22, 2011

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manand Tuesday, March 15, 2011

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