Factors responsible for keeping the skin smooth and soft
1. Natural moisturizing agents
- Free amino acids
- Lactic acid
Natural moisturizing agents are present in the stratum corneum of the skin and are responsible for keeping the skin moist and pliable by hygroscopic property (attracting and holding water).
- Desquamation is an enzymatic process of dissolving desmosomes (the protein that connects the corneocytes) and the eventful shedding of these cells.
- It is important factor in keeping the skin soft.
3. Intracellular lipids
- Lipids play an important role by acting as a barrier through trapping water and preventing excessive water loss.