What are the different moisturizing agents?

The natural humectants of the dermis include glycosaminoglycans (hyaluronic acid). Topically applied humectants draw water from deeper dermis, and rarely from environment. Moisturizers can be prepared from combining occlusive and humectants to rehydrate skin optimally. Humectants may allow the skin to feel smoother by filling the holes in the stratum corneum.

Examples of common Humectant:

  • Glycerin
  • Honey
  • Urea
  • Lactic acids
  • a hydroxy acids
  • propylene glycol.


Emolliency is the ability of the moisturizer to fill inside the cervices between the desquamating corneocytes, which is abundant in dry skin conditions thereby making the skin feel smoother. Emollients are chemical substances, which helps to maintain soft, smooth, pliable feel, and pleasing appearance of the skin. These emollients function by their ability to remain on the stratum corneum and reduce the flaking. They reduce the water loss from stratum corneum. Emollients are used in the treatment of Xerosis

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Ichthyosis vulgaris
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Nummular dermatitis
  • Psoriasis.


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vitiligo is a skin disorder, which is often seen are face, neck, waist, limbs, armpit, anal area, and female genital area. Occasionally there can be hairs that turn white in the affected parts of severe cases.We employ fumigation-washing therapy, in which secret prescriptions are used to nourish the blood so that the skin flourishes. The prescription is individualized to treat both symptoms and root causes of the disease.

xsunnysky Friday, March 8, 2013

I am a recently licensed esthetician. A young girl was brought in by her mother, her mother advising that her daughter "had dry patches on her skin."] The young girls skin is hard to describe, but it remind me of the feel of crusty snow. The didn't really have patches, her arms face and chest all had the same condition. She did have beautiful pale skin but the feel was really bizarre. She did have some breakouts on her chin so her condition wasn't from a loss of oil. I've looked up asteatosis and alipidic symptoms but these conditions don't seem to fit the description. Any information you can provide will be helpful. Thank you, Sandra

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