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Skin Disease/ Dermatology

Skin Disease/ Dermatology

Last Updated on Jul 27, 2020
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Skin Disease/Cutaneous disorder/ Dermatologic disorder/ Dermatosis is a condition or a disease that affects the largest organ in the human body, Skin.(1 Trusted Source
Skin Conditions

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Dermatosis is the generic term given to any disease of the skin. Plurally it is referred to as 'dermatoses'. This term should not be confused with dermatitis, which is an inflammation of the skin.

The skin is made up of the outer epidermis, the underlying dermis, and the basement layer, called the hypodermis. The skin helps us to regulate the body temperature and also to sense our surroundings. The Skin acts as an eliminating organ and is, in fact, the largest eliminating organ of the body. Through its pores, the skin excretes several toxins, allergens and other unwanted substances. It weighs about 6-9 pounds and boasts of a surface area of two square yards.

Skin disorders are usually related to the epidermal layer of skin. This layer serves as a barrier to infection -causing agents. Skin diseases which occur secondary to systemic diseases are not included among dermatosis.

Skin diseases are usually caused by infection with viral or bacterial organisms. Another reason for skin diseases is that it can occur due the imbalance in the physiological condition of the skin. Sometimes chemical agents may be responsible for skin diseases and allergies. If there is prolonged contact or contact with excess amount of strong chemicals, it can even result in poisoning. On the other hand, use of appropriate personal protection like gloves or overalls can help protect from developing skin ailments.

List of Common Skin Diseases

Some of the common skin diseases or dermatoses include Acne, Scabies, Warts, Sunburn, Eczema, Psoriasis, Fifth disease or ‘slapped face disease’, Tinea, Pruritus, Herpes, Ulcers, Impetigo, vitiligo and Skin cancer.

Common Skin Diseases in Children

Ringworms, Psoriasis, eczema, chicken pox, measles, cold sore, rosacea, seborrheic eczema, vitiligo, hives, carbuncle, warts, hemangioma of skin, impetigo, heat rash, dermatitis, roseola, hand-foot mouth disease (coxsackie).

Skin conditions are many in number and they can be broadly categorized into the following groups -

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  1. Skin Conditions - (https://medlineplus.gov/skinconditions.html)
  2. Inflammatory Skin Disease - (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols/ontologies/efo/terms?short_form=EFO_1000636)
  3. Microbial Infections of Skin and Nails - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8301/)
  4. Common Viral and Fungal Skin Infections - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11890082)
  5. Skin Cancer (Non-Melanoma) - (https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/skin-cancer-non-melanoma/view-all)
  6. Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma (And Related Lesions) - A Guide to Clinical Management in Australia - (https://www.cancer.org.au/content/pdf/HealthProfessionals/ClinicalGuidelines/Basal_cell_carcinoma_Squamous_cell_carcinoma_Guide_Nov_2008-Final_with_Corrigendums.pdf)
  7. What Is Melanoma Skin Cancer? - (https://www.cancer.org/cancer/melanoma-skin-cancer/about/what-is-melanoma.html)

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Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.



Hi I got some small white patches at my legs later started at stomach and hands i consulted dermatologist. Doctor said that iam suffering from tinea versicolor, Its almost completed one year. I used TeaTree oil, ketoconazole cream but no use. Please help me on this...


I suffer from vitligo at such an early age, my parents went to doctors in many places with the hope of curing me of the disease. However, my conditions did not get any better despite the expense of a lot of money. They decided to have a try and took me to a Chinese hospital. The affected sites on my body had improved significantly in less than a month. After reinforcement treatment of experts, I have completely recuperated my health and I have become cheerful.


plus, it is pure herb,and does not have any side effect, and no reoccurance. see more on the web of vitiligotcm


G K Tyagi[Delhi], I have been suffering with Skin- Allergy for the last 5-6 years, there is a feeling of itching specially in some parts of legs below knees, on my back, it is very high during night time. Kindly advise me for its cure. Thanks.


hard skin surrounding some open wounds can get up to 3\16 in deep has done damage face legs hands andarms seams to follow veins sore area no real pain i do have a cat hardtofigger


i have gathered a 3 centimetre collection of fat on my left feet. what is it? can i cut it or remain as it is?


Please don't try to remove the fat by yourself. You may get infected. Go to your doctor before deciding to go for a surgery.

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